Violence in college students dating relationships
Clinical studies also show that abusive marriages are generally preceded by violent dating relationships and are characterized by strategies to control and restrict women’s autonomy .
The relevance of the study of violence in dating relationships is mainly concerned with three aspects: the magnitude and immediate impact on victims, their fragility and vulnerability, and the fact that dating violence can potentiate more serious aggression (such as physical and sexual violence) .
However, in the case of dating violence, findings regarding gender effects are mixed and inconclusive.
Whereas early studies reported higher victimization rates for females and higher perpetration rates for males (e.g., ), subsequent national (e.g., [21, 22]) and international research (e.g., [7, 23]) reported similar rates of violence victimization for men and women, or even higher victimization rates among men (e.g., ).
Regarding violence in married couples, the World Report on Violence and Health , based on information collected in 38 countries, places rates of lifetime prevalence at between 10% and 76%.
Similarly, a recent literature review in the European context reported high rates of victimization over lifetimes, varying from 16% to 39% .
As for the United States of America, researchers  found rates of lifetime prevalence ranging from 17.4% to 25.5%.
With respect to dating violence, research has also produced a wide variation of results, suggesting prevalence rates of offenders or victims ranging from 12.1%  to 72.4% .
For instance, Frias and Angel  found that single women reported more victimization than married women, but Brown and Bulanda  obtained higher victimization levels in married partners, both men and women.
In the following literature review, we begin by showing how research in the area of marital and dating violence has increased; we then present and discuss the results of the few available studies comparing levels of violence across these two distinct relational contexts—marriage and dating; finally, we concentrate on investigations that analyze the relationships between attitudes and behaviors.
Empirical findings show quite high levels of violence within both types of relationships.
Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, University of Fernando Pessoa, Praça 9 de Abril, 349, 4249-004 Porto, Portugal Received 17 April 2014; Revised 13 July 2014; Accepted 29 July 2014; Published 28 August 2014Academic Editor: Julianne C. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
This study examines the attitudes about intimate violence and compares the prevalence of abuse reported by married and dating participants, by type of abuse and sex of respondent.
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The present study aims at expanding our understanding of violence in intimate relationships by comparing dating and married couples.