Manifest and latent functions of dating
Yet, the research data on the stops show that they did not achieve the manifest function of making the city safer because the vast majority of those stopped were found to be innocent of any wrongdoing.Rather, the policy resulted in the latent dysfunction of racist harassment, as the majority of those subjected to the practice were Black, Latino, and Hispanic boys.In the case of education in schools, the clearest manifest function is to educate students.Society needs members who have the education and skills that...As part of his functionalist perspective on society, Merton took a close look at social actions and their effects and found that manifest functions could be defined very specifically as the beneficial effects of conscious and deliberate actions.Manifest functions stem from all manner of social actions but are most commonly discussed as the outcomes of the work of social institutions like the family, religion, education, and the media, and as the product of social policies, laws, rules, and norms.In fact, one could say that a significant portion of sociological research is focused on just that — how harmful social problems are unintentionally created by laws, policies, rules, and norms that are intended to do something else.New York City's controversial Stop-and-Frisk policy is a classic example of a policy that is designed to do good but actually does harm.
Continuing with the examples given above, sociologists recognize that social institutions produce latent functions in addition to manifest functions.
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This policy allows police officers to stop, question, and search any person who they deem to be suspicious in any way.
Following the terrorist attack on New York City in September 2001, police began to do the practice more and more, such that from 2002 to 2011 NYPD increased the practice by seven-fold.
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Latent functions of the institution of education include the formation of friendships among students who matriculate at the same school; the provision of entertainment and socializing opportunities via school dances, sporting events, and talent shows; and feeding poor students lunch (and breakfast, in some cases) when they would otherwise go hungry.